Is There a Cure for Multiple Sclerosis
Understanding Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis, or MS is a degenerative and chronic disease that affects the human nervous system. Myelin is a special protective coating which blankets nerves and help to speed up the movement of nerve signals. Individuals with MS can over time experience degeneration of the myelin sheath.
Once this myelin coating is damaged, nerves can begin to function abnormally. As a result, there can be a large number of unpredictable symptoms. The symptoms include:
- Pain, burning sensations, or tingling throughout the body
- Difficulty with moving and mobility
- Loss of vision
- Stiffness and muscular spasms
- Trouble with balance
- Speech that has become blurred
- Impaired cognitive and memory functions
Due to the seriousness of the symptoms, medical professionals the world over have spent years searching for a cure -or at least a treatment – for this disease. Although a cure remains out of reach, regimens of special drugs and behavioral therapy can allow those with MS to lead lives of a higher quality.
What are the purpose of Ms treatments?
There are many treatment options available that can help individuals to manage the symptoms and the course of MS. These treatments also help to slow the progression of this disease, minimize the painful symptoms that people experience during an MS flare up, and also improve mental and physical functioning.
Some available treatments include:
Disease modifying medications are special drugs that seek to slow down the advance of multiple sclerosis. Teriflunomide is one such medication and was approved for use in 2012.
The New England Journal of Medicine published a study that found that individuals with relapsing MS who were able to take Teriflunomide once daily exhibited much slower disease progression rates than those who did not.
In March of 2013, a third disease-modifying drug was made available to people suffering from MS. This medication acts to stop the immune system from attacking the myelin sheath thing. It is also thought to have antioxidant effects on the body, and it is available in capsule form.
When the immune system attacks myelin and destroys it, this affects nerve signals. This in turn can affect mobility and movement. By blocking potassium channels – which are pores on the surface of nerve fibers – nerve conduction can be improved in affected areas.
As we can see, MS is indeed a dangerous and damaging disease. That being said, the new treatment options available are giving those afflicted with his chronic element a new lease on life and a better quality of life as well.