Medical Advances Offer New Hope For Childless Couples
Today medical science may help a childless couple fulfill the dream of giving birth to a healthy baby. Some important new breakthroughs in the field of infertility treatments have occurred during recent years. These advances bring joy to tens of thousands of childless people. While not always successful, infertility treatment options have greatly expanded during the past decade.
Helpful to Men And Women
Infertility occurs today for many reasons. Both men and women may suffer from this condition. Medical clinics typically seek to help couples determine the basis for this problem; a physician will then seek to present possible options for either overcoming infertility or finding acceptable alternative ways to conceive.
In many cases, infertility simply stems from advancing age. While most men continue to produce sperm into their senior years, a woman encounters steeply declining fertility past the age of 28. A baby girl normally enters the world endowed with all of the eggs in her ovaries that she will ever produce. With every menstrual cycle, she uses healthy eggs. While some eggs may remain in the ovaries after menopause, these final remnants tend to suffer from poor quality.
Many Causes Of Infertility
Some experts believe infertility rates have increased in many places recently. Just consider a few of the possible causes for this problem:
- Low sperm counts
- Poor sperm motility
- Severe endometriosis
- Birth defects
- Damage to eggs resulting from chemotherapy treatments
- Exposure to harmful radiation or environmental toxins
All these causes, and many additional conditions, may produce the tragedy of infertility. The inability to conceive sometimes creates lifelong sorrow. Fortunately, today medical advances, such as in vitro fertilization, have provided a way for some couples to overcome this problem.
One Popular Fertility Treatment
Infertility may occur in a husband, a wife, or both partners. In some cases, physicians treat infertility effectively through the process of in vitro fertilization. Typically, they extract an egg from the mother and fertilize it with the father’s sperm in a laboratory. They then transfer the growing blastocyst ( an embryo consisting of only a few cells) back into the mother.
Why does this procedure often prove successful? In some cases, the father’s sperm count may prove low, or the sperm may lack sufficient motility to ensure fertilization. By physically assisting this process, a fertility clinic can help ensure conception occurs. Success rates vary with this technique. While some mothers miscarry and lose the transferred embryo, in many cases the pregnancy proceeds successfully and results in the birth of a healthy baby. Female infertility treatment rates vary from one clinic to another.
Other Widely Used Procedures
A popular variation on the use of in vitro fertility involves intrauterine insemination. During this procedure, a physican transfers healthy sperm directly into the uterus of a prospective mother. This may permit conception to occur using the woman’s own egg. Intrauterine insemination may help a couple conceive when a father’s sperm count suffers from poor motility.
Transplanting an embryo directly into the womb of an infertile woman also permits some patients to become pregnant. Embryo transfer may involve using the genetic material of another couple to assist childless families. Typically, the prospective mother must undergo extensive preparation to sustain the pregnancy by submitting to advanced hormonal treatments to prepare her uterus to support the embryo.
Impressive advances in female infertility treatment during recent years have benefitted numerous childless couples. More widely available infertility treatment options assist many households. This exciting technology continues to evolve!