Sexual Health

In Vitro Fertilization for Infertility

In Vitro Fertilization

This Popular Fertility Treatment May Help Childless Couples

When a couple is trying to conceive a child and doesn’t get pregnant after a certain length of time, it can be frustrating and disheartening. There may be an issue of infertility in the woman, in the man or in both individuals if conception is not happening after six months to a year or even longer. In that situation, one of the best options available to the couple is in vitro fertilization. IVF and infertility go hand in hand and can help many people to finally get pregnant and have a child.

What is In Vitro Fertilization?

In vitro fertilization is a type of assisted reproductive technology that is also commonly known simply as IVF. The IVF process involves taking eggs from the woman and a semen sample from the man and then combining an egg and sperm manually in a laboratory. The IVF process is also done when there may be a genetic problem. However, the majority of women who have the treatment done are over the age of 40 who have difficulty conceiving naturally or through the process of artificial insemination.

Reasons Why In Vitro Fertilization is Done

In addition to the woman being over 40 years old, there are other reasons why a couple would opt for IVF. As IVF and infertility go hand in hand, the following situations would make it appropriate to undergo the procedure when wanting to have a baby:

  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage: If there is a blockage or damage to the fallopian tubes, it makes it difficult or even impossible for an egg to be fertilized. If an egg is fertilized, the embryo may be unable to travel to the uterus.
  • Ovulation disorders: If a woman ovulates infrequently, fewer eggs are available, making fertilization more challenging.
  • Premature ovarian failure: This is a condition that results in the loss of a normal function of the ovaries prior to age 40. It results in less estrogen being produced and eggs not being released.
  • Endometriosis: This is a condition where the tissue of the uterus implants and grows outside the uterus and affects the function of the woman’s reproductive system.
  • Uterine fibroids: Fibroids are benign tumors that develop in the uterine wall. They are common and can interfere with a fertilized egg implanting.
  • Tubal ligation: If a woman had a tubal ligation, also known as “tubes tied,” and decides she wants to have a baby, IVF can work.
    Impaired sperm production or function: If the man suffers from low motility or produces less sperm, or if his sperm is abnormal, it can be difficult to conceive.
  • Genetic disorders: Certain genetic disorders can make conceiving a child difficult or impossible, making IVF the only option.
  • Fertility preservation: Many women choose to have their eggs frozen for the future if they have a health condition, such as cancer, that can leave them infertile.
  • Unexplained infertility: This is when there is no known cause for infertility.

Cost of In Vitro Fertilization

Unfortunately, IVF costs are quite high due to the procedure not being covered by health insurance in most instances. As a result of the lack of insurance coverage, on average, IVF costs can run from $12,000 prior to taking fertility medications. Afterward, with subsequent treatments, the price can be $3,000 to $5,000 more.

In Vitro Fertilization Success

Generally, on average, IVF success rates fall at around 40 percent for women under the age of 35. For women older than 42, however, the IVF success rates are only at four percent.

Regardless of these numbers, IVF treatment is the best option couples have for getting pregnant when they are experiencing any of the above infertility issues.