Overview of HIV and AIDS
AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease that affects many millions of people. It is caused by a virus that induces slow but steady degradations in the immune system. The virus is most often passed on to others through sexual contact. Men and women might also contract the disease through an exposure to drug needles. If pregnant women have tested positive for the virus, there is a good chance that they will pass the condition on to their children. This can occur through blood mixing or breast feeding. Though the disease is quite serious, recent developments within the pharmaceutical industry have been quite promising. Drug cocktails can help boost certain aspects of the immune system so that people with the disease can live normal lives.
The symptoms for AIDS are generally slow to appear. Some people may feel a bit sick after they have become infected, but such symptoms will likely be credited to something else. As the infection spreads throughout the body, men and women might be more likely to develop colds and sore throats throughout the year. They might even find benign tumors cropping up in odd places. If they have engaged in risky sex with multiple sexual partners, they should be tested at a reputable clinic as soon as possible. AIDS and HIV experts will look carefully at the test results and render a verdict.
Many people with AIDS have started support groups that are meant to raise money for an eventual cure. Some celebrities, in fact, have talked to young men and women in high-risk areas to ensure that these individuals protect themselves as well as they possibly can. When young people understand the risks of unprotected sexual encounters, they will be much more likely to think carefully about the activities they engage in going forward. With educational support, most health experts hope that the spread of HIV and AIDS can be stopped.
AIDS in Africa is an especially big problem for a number of reasons. Many of the educational institutions there are in disrepair, and the local populations are not knowledgeable about the ways that viruses are spread. They might also be ensconced in tribal practices that ignore most modern disease theories. For this reason, Africa has been experiencing an AIDS epidemic for several years now. As more health organizations move into the continent, physicians and nurses are hopeful that men and women can be instructed in safe sex practices.